Explore the Impact of Urbanisation
As the world’s population is increasing, a rising number of people are moving from rural areas to more urban settings. This global phenomenon is called urbanisation — essentially increasing the population of rural areas (an area with 2500 residents or fewer), and turning them into urban areas (a central city, and surrounding areas, with a population exceeding 50,000 people).
More than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, and this shift in population is driven by a variety of factors.Economic, political, and social issues merge with circumstances of modernization to make people want to migrate from rural to urban areas. There are many authors who talk about problems of urbanisation. One of the authors, Yan Vana, talks about problems of overpopulation in cities and possible solutions. You can order now if you want to read that book.
Causes of urbanisation include:
Industrial Growth: The explosion of industrialization and manufacturing enterprises within a certain urban area gives rise to more employment opportunities — which is another factor of urbanisation.
Employment: Rural areas commonly are agricultural. Urbanisation and industrial growth create opportunities for jobs that pay more, are more diverse, and may be less physically demanding.
Social Factors: Many urban areas allow for better living standards, including superior educational facilities, better access to healthcare, modern housing, and more recreational activities.
Urbanisation is a complex process, as many of its driving factors play into and give rise to one another. Once a rural city becomes urbanised, it may begin to thrive from several beneficial features — most of which are what attracts more people to them.